INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS FOR SOLID WOOD PARQUET
Solid wood flooring is a natural product characterized by color variations and texture of the fiber that are not considered defective but constitutes a part of the beauty and uniqueness of wood flooring. Each element or batch of materials may have different optical and physico-chemical characteristics, depending on their origin. The parquet shows an humidity content of 8-12%. Wood is a good thermal insulator, acoustic, a natural moisture regulator in the room and a product that does not cause allergies.
I.RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER / craftsmen
Prior to application, the material / parquet should be checked. Any kind of defects or irregularities must be reported to the seller before starting the installation. Beginning of assembly is an understatement of acceptance of the technical state and appearance of the material.
The owner assumes all responsibility for final product quality inspection. This inspection of the parquet must be done before installation.
Before installing any solid wood flooring, the craftsmen must determine whether the work environment, the conditions and the type of floor to be installed are acceptable, ensuring that they are in accordance with the requirements laid down in these instructions for installing wood parquet. Our company disclaims responsibility for failure to install, due to or associated with inadequately prepared flooring or installation environment deficiencies.
Upon request, a 5-10% must be added to the amount in required square meters, as the margin of error, depending on the installation mode, to complete the installation (diagonal installation may take higher quantity).
Due to the flexible composite structure, elastic deformations can occur on the length of the parquet blade, but this is not considered a defect but a natural reversible phenomenon. In this case, the parquet is mounted with straps.
II.INSPECTION OF THE PLACE TO BE INSTALLED AND ACCLIMATIZATION
Parquet installation must be carried out by a specialist in installing the flooring. In each individual situation, the specialist must assess the strength and stability of the surface, the mounting conditions, the parquet material and the potential use conditions and propose an appropriate procedure. According to its recommendations it may be necessary to straighten the surface to obtain the appropriate parameters, maintenance of the parquet and / or the room and the surface on which the mounting will be carried out in order to obtain the optimum hygroscopic balance between the environment and wood, e.t.c.
Optimum wood humidity is 9%, air humidity 45-60%, surface temperature minimum 15 ° C, and air temperature 16-22 ° C.
In a new construction, solid wood parquet is one of the things that will be installed at the end. Any work involving water or moisture (sanitary installations, acoustic ceilings, wall work) must be completed before installing the flooring. The heating and ventilation systems must be fully operational, maintaining a constant room temperature of 16-22 ° C and a relative humidity of 45-60%.
The parquet will not be delivered until the building is finished and any works in cement, plaster, lime and other materials are completely dry. Concrete and plaster must be dry and at least 60-90 days old. Check baseplates and floor space to ensure they are dry and well ventilated to avoid damage caused by moisture.
The parquet must reach the installation site at least 7 days before installation for acclimatization. Do not open until ready to install.
Handle carefully. DO NOT put it standing. Store the parquet in a dry place, ensuring a minimum space of 10cm under and around the boxes. Do not store directly on concrete or near external walls. The boxes should be placed in the installation area. The installation area must have a constant temperature of 16-22 ° C and a relative humidity of 45-60% for at least 5 days before installing any kind of parquet.
III. PREPARING THE PLANKING
For the installation of massive parquet, RUCELA recommends the use of high quality products specially designed for massive parquet. The mounting surface must have a resistance of at least 30 MPa at pressing and 3.5 MPa at cutting, and a moisture content of up to 1.8% CM for the cement surface (0.5% for the anhydrous surface). The mounting surface must have a thermal insulation and moisture insulation. The heating pipes must be insulated properly so that the floor does not have overheating points.
Remember: All moisture tests must be done before wood acclimatization and site preparation.
Planking must be:
– CLEANED – scraped or sanded, broomed, without wax, grease, paint, oil and other debris;
– FLAT/EVEN – Wipe up higher areas and wraps and fill lower areas – the smoothness of the screed must not exceed the 2mm / 1.5m linear deviation;
– SOLID – the self-leveling screed must have a compressive strength of 35NEWTON / square mm, it is recommended to use a special self-leveling screed for massive parquet;
– DRY – The screed must have a moisture below 1.8%. For a screed with humidity between 1.8% and 5%, apply epoxy resin.
IV. PREPARATION OF THE INSTALLATION PLACE
– Acclimate the product for 7 days before installation;
– Check if the planket is smooth and solid. Repair if necessary;
– Cut from the length of doors;
– Remove existing building materials.
1: ESTABLISH A POINT OF START
Before starting the installation itself, to give the appearance of the parquet floor, distribute short and long boards over the area where the flooring is to be installed, in the case of a random length. Work from multiple boxes at once to ensure a proper blend of color and shade.
Align the first row of boards to make sure you have a straight line from one end of the room to the other. Draw a chalk line at the desired wall distance to help you when aligning the plates. Unite the plates together to get the most appealing look after finishing the parquet. It is recommended to start in parallel with the longest wall in the room.
Always leave a distance of 1 cm between the wall and parquet (expansion joint). In the case of a larger floor surface, it should be dilated in length, dividing it into smaller segments, using 10 mm of expansion every 4-5 linear meters of floor surface. After placement, a technological break (to allow tensile and humidity equalization) is required, the length of which must be determined by the professional in laying the flooring, based on temperature and humidity measurements.
2: INSTALLING THE PARQUET
Fastening method – recommended method. It is very important for the specialist to work on a flat, clean and dry surface. When the surface is ready for bonding, stick the massive parquet on the screed using a two-component adhesive that is recommended by the specialist – keep in mind the instructions for using the adhesive used. The adhesive is applied on the screed, not between nut and federa lamellas !!!
After the final stabilization of the parquet are carried out different successive operations with professional equipment. The stabilization times vary depending on the environmental conditions, the mounting methods and the adhesive used.
Grinding is recommended with sanding machines with abrasive tape; The operation is done in three successive phases, which use,in steps,fine and finner grain abrasive. These operations are followed by the application of the grout.
It is recommended to apply 2-3 layers of lacquer or oil, and for each layer, before the next application, we expect the lake to dry and harden.